There's more to filing for divorce than simply submitting your complaint to the court. Following these ten tips will help you achieve a better outcome in your divorce.
Be Certain You Want to Get Divorced
While this may seem obvious, the decision to get divorced is an emotional one, and shouldn't be made when you're feeling overly emotional. Make sure you've exhausted all hope of reconciliation before you file for divorce. Once you've served your spouse with divorce papers, it can be difficult to go back on that decision, even if you've changed your mind. The court can grant a divorce even if only one spouse wants to end the marriage. If you'd still like to give marital counseling a try, do so before you file for divorce.
It's a good idea to interview more than one attorney before you decide to file for divorce. You'll want to work with an attorney that fits your style, and understands your goals for litigation. Avoid lawyers who offer you solutions before listening to the particular facts of your case. Attorneys come at different price points and experience levels. If your divorce is likely to be messy or deals with specific types of assets, be sure your attorney is qualified to handle your particular case.
Gather Financial Documents
Divorce cases depend heavily on documentation. Your financial account records, phone records, mortgages, and car notes are all likely relevant to the divorce. To the extent possible, gather all the documents you'll need for your case before filing for divorce. If you and your spouse have a shared file of paper records in your home, make copies of everything before meeting with your attorney. It's also smart to obtain records of your shared online accounts. Not all spouses react well to being served with divorce papers, and some will make it difficult to access documents after you've filed. Save yourself potential future headaches by getting your hands on the documents ahead of time.
Determine Your Goals for Custody
If you have children, their custody situation is probably at the forefront of your mind when getting a divorce. You should know that, absent extreme circumstances, you and your spouse will end up sharing custody of the children. It's a good idea to sit down and carefully review your work schedule, your children's schedule, and your other obligations and come up with your desired schedule for custody. If you can come up with a arrangement that gives both you and your spouse time with the children, you'll be leaps and bounds ahead of most people who file for divorce.
Make Necessary Purchases or Sales
In most jurisdictions, the judge automatically issues an order at the beginning of your divorce case that prohibits you or your spouse from selling, buying, or otherwise encumbering or disposing of any marital property. Courts do this to prevent either spouse from draining the bank accounts, or dissipating the marital estate out of spite.
If you've long been meaning to upgrade your car, or sell a rental property, you'll be prevented from doing so if you file for divorce first. While it's not appropriate to drain the bank accounts before filing for divorce (as that can come back to bite you), if you have a legitimate sale or purchase that's been in the works, it's best to complete it before filing for divorce.
Figure Out Your Living Situation
Do you want to stay in the same house with your spouse during the divorce? Do you plan to move elsewhere? Do you want your spouse to move out? Decide what your goals are for your living situation, both during and after the divorce. How you behave in the weeks and months leading up to your divorce can affect your chances of winning use of the marital residence during the divorce. For example, moving in with a relative or friend in the weeks leading up to your divorce won't help your chances of staying in the residence during the divorce. Speak with your attorney about how to best position yourself for the living situation you desire.
Talk to an Attorney About Joint Bank Accounts and Credit Cards
Depending on how you and your spouse handle your joint financial accounts and credit cards, your attorney may advise you to close the accounts or leave them the same. You don't want to be in a situation where your spouse has the ability to run up bills in your name or drain the bank accounts – both circumstances may take the entire divorce to sort out. Your attorney can best advise you about whether you should divide the accounts in half, close them, or leave them the same before filing for divorce.
Don't Live Like You're Single
Even if your marriage is for all intents and purposes over, refrain from living the single life prior to filing for divorce. In most jurisdictions, even if you and your spouse are living separately, having a romantic relationship with another person is still considered adultery. Additionally, a judge may consider money you spend on a paramour dissipation of the marital estate, and could require you to reimburse your spouse for those expenditures. In any case, it typically doesn't help your case to have started another relationship before your divorce has been filed. In some states you can begin a relationship after filing for divorce; speak with your attorney about how the court will view dating before your divorce is complete.
Prepare a Marital Balance Sheet
You can't decide your financial goals for your divorce without having an accurate picture of your assets and debts. While it's not usually necessary to hire an accountant prior to filing for divorce, it's a good idea to put together a simple balance sheet showing all of your assets and debts. Include real property, cars, retirement accounts, bank accounts and other assets, as well as any mortgages, notes, credit cards, and other debts. This can give you an idea of what you and your spouse will split, and you can start working on your desired division of the marital estate. Determining your total assets can also help you set a budget for how much to spend on your attorney and the divorce litigation.
Develop a Support Network
One often overlooked aspect of divorce is the emotional toll it may take on you and your family. Just as important as hiring an attorney and obtaining relevant documents is surrounding yourself with people who can help you through this difficult time. If you have the financial means, it can help to speak with a therapist or other mental health professional. At the very least, speak with friends who have been through divorce. Let your family and friends know that you'll be leaning on them for advice and moral support. Being emotionally stable will better prepare you to make smart decisions as your divorce progresses.